ES-I Bar-On Model of Emotional Intelligence

This model was developed by Reuven Bar-On to measure emotional-social intelligence. It is considered to be one of the three major models of this construct according to the Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology (2004).

ES-I Bar-On Model of Emotional Intelligence

The Bar-On model provides the theoretical basis for the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i), which was originally developed to assess various aspects of this construct as well as to examine its conceptualization. According to this model, emotional-social intelligence is a cross-section of interrelated emotional and social competencies, skills, and facilitators.

These attributes determine how effectively we as individuals:
• Understand and express ourselves
• Understand others and relate with them
• Cope with daily demands.

The emotional and social competencies, skills, and facilitators referred to in this conceptualization and the areas they assess are detailed in the table below.

Assessment using the ES-I Bar-On Model of Emotional Intelligence

In general, Bar-On considers emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence to contribute equally to a person's general intelligence, which then offers an indication of their potential to succeed in life. However, doubts have been expressed about this model in the research literature (in particular about the validity of self-report as an index of emotional intelligence) and in scientific settings it is being replaced by the Trait Emotional Intelligence model discussed previously.

You may also be interested in:
Measuring Emotional Intelligence | Emotional Intelligence Models | Ability-Based Model | The Trait Model | Mixed Models.


Key Points

  • This model was developed by Reuven Bar-On to measure emotional-social intelligence.
  • Bar-On considers emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence to contribute equally to a person's general intelligence.
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